close - closed - shut

close - closed - shut
If you close something such as a door, you move it so that it covers or fills a hole or gap.

He opened the door and closed it behind him.

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You can also say that you shut something such as a door. There is no difference in meaning. The past tense and past participle of `shut' is shut, not `shutted'.

I shut the door quietly.

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Both closed and shut can be used as adjectives.

All the other downstairs rooms are dark and the shutters are closed.

The windows were all shut.

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However, only closed can be used in front of a noun. You can talk about a closed window, but not a `shut' window.

He listened to her voice coming faintly through the closed door.

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You can use either close or shut to say that work or business stops for a short time in a shop or public building.

Many libraries close on Saturdays at 1 p.m.

What time do the shops shut?

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You can say that a road, border, or airport is closed.

The border with Hong Kong was closed just as my wife and daughters reached there.

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You do not say that a road, border, or airport `is shut'.
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Close is sometimes used to say that something is brought to an end.

He spoke as though he wanted to close the conversation.

The case is closed.

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You do not use shut with this meaning.
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Do not confuse the verb close with the adjective close . If something is close to something else, it is near to it. See entry at ↑ near - close.
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Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • close vs shut —   As a verb, to shut can usually be replaced by to close.   You can shut a door / window / suitcase, or you can close a door / window /suitcase.   • The shops shut / close at 8 pm.   • Mr Bean couldn t shut / close the suitcase.   I say usually… …   English dictionary of common mistakes and confusing words

  • close vs shut —   As a verb, to shut can usually be replaced by to close.   You can shut a door / window / suitcase, or you can close a door / window /suitcase.   • The shops shut / close at 8 pm.   • Mr Bean couldn t shut / close the suitcase.   I say usually… …   English dictionary of common mistakes and confusing words

  • close - near — If something is near, near to, or close to a place or thing, it is a short distance from it. When close has this meaning, it is pronounced . I live now in Reinfeld, which is near Lübeck. I stood very …   Useful english dictionary

  • shut — /shut/, v., shut, shutting, adj., n. v.t. 1. to put (a door, cover, etc.) in position to close or obstruct. 2. to close the doors of (often fol. by up): to shut up a shop for the night. 3. to close (something) by bringing together or folding its… …   Universalium

  • close down — or[shut down] {v.} To stop all working, as in a factory; stop work entirely; also: to stop operations in. * /The factory closed down for Christmas./ * /The company shut down the condom plant for Easter./ …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • close down — or[shut down] {v.} To stop all working, as in a factory; stop work entirely; also: to stop operations in. * /The factory closed down for Christmas./ * /The company shut down the condom plant for Easter./ …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • shut down — See: CLOSE DOWN …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • shut down — See: CLOSE DOWN …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • close\ down — • close down • shut down v To stop all working, as in a factory; stop work entirely; also: to stop operations in. The factory closed down for Christmas. The company shut down the condom plant for Easter …   Словарь американских идиом

  • shut\ down — • close down • shut down v To stop all working, as in a factory; stop work entirely; also: to stop operations in. The factory closed down for Christmas. The company shut down the condom plant for Easter …   Словарь американских идиом

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